Food and beverage which cause unwanted odor regardless of halitosis: Onions, garlic, alcohol, dairy products and cheese 

Non-bound halitosis

Halitosis due to dry mouth - (certain drugs inadequate in salivary secretion caused by dry mouth)

Halitosis related to poor oral hygiene (insufficient brushing of teeth, interdental brushing or flossing)

Periodontal disease: depending on the depth of the periodontal pocket and the kind of the bacteria

Oral malodor associated with dentures

Halitosis that occurs due to systemic diseases such as diabetes, liver and kidney disease.



Toothpastes containing antibacterial agents 

With the proper brushing techniques: the brush is angled 45 degrees to the tooth-gingiva junction and 2-3 teeth brushed in circular motion for 10 seconds.

Occlusal surfaces should be brushed.

Manual brushing is insufficient, the electric rotary brush should be used once a day.

Tongue brushing is an important factor in the elimination of halitosis.

The use of interdental brushes: the brushes should be used for the spaces in between the teeth, also for cleaning underneath the pontic of the dental bridges. 

Dental Floss Usage: Dental floss is pushed slightly in between two teeth in a way that it surrounds one of them. The floss should slide in the space between the teeth and gingiva and clean there  in a front-back moving fashion. The same motion should be done to the adjacent tooth in the same interdental area. Then the floss should come out. 


Mouthwash Use: When done correctly, mouthwash usage twice a day can reduce halitosis.