○ Food and beverage which cause unwanted odor regardless of halitosis: Onions, garlic, alcohol, dairy products and cheese
○ Non-bound halitosis
○ Halitosis due to dry mouth - (certain drugs inadequate in salivary secretion caused by dry mouth)
○ Halitosis related to poor oral hygiene (insufficient brushing of teeth, interdental brushing or flossing)
○ Periodontal disease: depending on the depth of the periodontal pocket and the kind of the bacteria
○ Oral malodor associated with dentures
○ Halitosis that occurs due to systemic diseases such as diabetes, liver and kidney disease.
○ Toothpastes containing antibacterial agents
○ With the proper brushing techniques: the brush is angled 45 degrees to the tooth-gingiva junction and 2-3 teeth brushed in circular motion for 10 seconds.
○ Occlusal surfaces should be brushed.
○ Manual brushing is insufficient, the electric rotary brush should be used once a day.
○ Tongue brushing is an important factor in the elimination of halitosis.
○ The use of interdental brushes: the brushes should be used for the spaces in between the teeth, also for cleaning underneath the pontic of the dental bridges.
Dental Floss Usage:
○Dental floss is pushed slightly in between two teeth in a way that it surrounds one of them. The floss should slide in the space between the teeth and gingiva and clean there in a front-back moving fashion. The same motion should be done to the adjacent tooth in the same interdental area. Then the floss should come out.
○ When done correctly, mouthwash usage twice a day can reduce halitosis.